Decisions and knowledge
The incredible progress made with Artificial Intelligence (AI) inspires hope that solutions may be found to some of humanity’s problems, for example problems relating to health or the environment. It does, however, also raise many fears, including the fear that a surveillance society is being created. Henri Sanson’s presentation looks at three major current […]
A new generation of language models In less than a decade, research in Natural Language Processing (NLP) has been overturned by the appearance of a suite of language models trained in an unsupervised manner on very large corpora. These models, trained to predict words, have proved capable of “capturing” the general linguistic characteristics of a […]
An underdeveloped way of working Remote working first appeared in France in the 1970s. Studies conducted before the period of large-scale remote working during the first lockdown (March 17 to May 11, 2020) had already revealed both benefits and drawbacks. Remote working is “an activity in which employees make intensive use of information technology for […]
Introduction Inspired by Isaac Asimov’s novel “The Positronic Man,” the film “Bicentennial Man” tells the story of Andrew the robot, played by Robin Williams, who is gifted with a unique mind. The robot evolves over time, developing more and more human abilities. In this film, the robot’s first wish for its transformation is to get a […]
What is a time series? A time series is a sequence of values indexed in time order, i.e. a curve. As shown in Figure 1 below, time series values are usually measured at regular intervals (e.g. every second). A time series is defined over a specified period of time, meaning it has a set number […]
As well as helping to navigate the ethical issues of social robotics, mental health is one of the few fields in which this technology has actually been deployed, with autistic spectrum disorders (ASDs) and Alzheimer’s disease considered the most widespread and most promising use cases , in the same logic of resorting to artificial sociability […]
The growth of email use at work since the 1990s has resulted in a continual increase in the number of messages exchanged. Many studies on this increase have shown the adverse consequences on workers and their performance (“cognitive overload”, interruptions, fragmentation of work, or stress [1, 2]). To reduce these consequences, many technological and organizational […]
From table data to knowledge “Information is not knowledge”. Albert Einstein famous quote is based on the assumption that knowledge can only be gained from experience. If we apply this though to tabular data –that can be assimilated to raw information-, this implies it will be meaningless without people expertise (experience) in the corresponding domain. […]
Imagine a meeting where you could instantly have access to information about the people, organisations and places mentioned by the other participants. Imagine a meeting where the documents needed to resolve a problem could automatically be made available to you with only your smartphone and a connection to an online service. This is a real […]
To enable businesses to draw on the value of their data by sharing it, Orange is developing a common vocabulary for describing data sets.
Are digital tools going to be used to formalise informal relationships so as to modernise the economy? The sector studied here is that of the sale of car spare parts.
The management of complex systems such as buildings requires going beyond connected object-centric approaches based on the Internet platforms of today's Objects.