Decisions and knowledge

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A man at his desk checks datasets on multiple screens Research  /  Blog

Unbiased AI: Are Companies Ready?

The development and deployment of artificial intelligence technologies is accelerating. But the presence of discriminatory or unfair biases in many AI solutions is worrying. For example, many remain scarred by the Amazon model for CV sorting, which was scrapped after 3 years because it rejected females, and today methods of addressing bias still vary greatly. […]

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Encrypting or classifying Internet traffic: do we have to choose?

Internet traffic encryption yesterday, today and tomorrow Traffic encryption is the practice that aims to make data exchanged over networks incomprehensible to unauthorized observers. Figure 1: End-to-end traffic encryption on the Internet On the Internet, traffic encryption was popularized by Netscape, with the introduction of SSL, the ancestor of TLS, in 1995 and has grown […]

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Behavioural objects in the home: laying the foundations

Home robots The most well-known animated objects are automata and their successors, robots. Over the last twenty years, robotics has begun to invade our daily lives through new “service robots”. Within the home, you find robots for remote working, domestic robots (vacuum cleaners and mowers) and security robots. While numerous claims about companion robots were […]

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Advocating for ethical and responsible AI by design

Awareness of all stakeholders: regulatory, business, society Since 2018, through various studies, Europe has been promoting ethical AI by offering simple recommendations. In 2021, however, it will define a binding legal framework on the use of AI algorithms with the introduction of high-risk artificial intelligence systems [1]. At the same time, businesses are starting to […]

Research  /  Video

Artificial intelligence that is gentle, sensitive and distributed

  The incredible progress made with Artificial Intelligence (AI) inspires hope that solutions may be found to some of humanity’s problems, for example problems relating to health or the environment. It does, however, also raise many fears, including the fear that a surveillance society is being created. Henri Sanson’s presentation looks at three major current […]

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The GPT-3 language model, revolution or evolution?

A new generation of language models In less than a decade, research in Natural Language Processing (NLP) has been overturned by the appearance of a suite of language models trained in an unsupervised manner on very large corpora. These models, trained to predict words, have proved capable of “capturing” the general linguistic characteristics of a […]

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When mental load reflects the effects of remote working during lockdown

An underdeveloped way of working Remote working first appeared in France in the 1970s. Studies conducted before the period of large-scale remote working during the first lockdown (March 17 to May 11, 2020) had already revealed both benefits and drawbacks. Remote working is “an activity in which employees make intensive use of information technology for […]

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Better interactions with automatic emotion recognition

Introduction Inspired by Isaac Asimov’s novel “The Positronic Man,” the film “Bicentennial Man” tells the story of Andrew the robot, played by Robin Williams, who is gifted with a unique mind. The robot evolves over time, developing more and more human abilities. In this film, the robot’s first wish for its transformation is to get a […]

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Understanding FEARS, an approach to time series classification.

What is a time series? A time series is a sequence of values indexed in time order, i.e. a curve. As shown in Figure 1 below, time series values are usually measured at regular intervals (e.g. every second). A time series is defined over a specified period of time, meaning it has a set number […]

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The use of social robots in mental health: what ethical issues?

As well as helping to navigate the ethical issues of social robotics, mental health is one of the few fields in which this technology has actually been deployed, with autistic spectrum disorders (ASDs) and Alzheimer’s disease considered the most widespread and most promising use cases [2], in the same logic of resorting to artificial sociability […]

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Benefits and challenges of a machine learning system in managing email overload at work

The growth of email use at work since the 1990s has resulted in a continual increase in the number of messages exchanged. Many studies on this increase have shown the adverse consequences on workers and their performance (“cognitive overload”, interruptions, fragmentation of work, or stress [1, 2]). To reduce these consequences, many technological and organizational […]

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DAGOBAH: Make Tabular Data Speak Great Again

From table data to knowledge “Information is not knowledge”[1]. Albert Einstein famous quote is based on the assumption that knowledge can only be gained from experience. If we apply this though to tabular data –that can be assimilated to raw information-, this implies it will be meaningless without people expertise (experience) in the corresponding domain. […]